Regarded as one of the most significant cultural icons of the 20th century, he is often referred to as "the King of Rock and Roll". By the mid-1950s, Elvis Presley appeared on the radio, television and the silver screen. His energized interpretations of songs and sexually provocative performance style, combined with a singularly potent mix of influences across color lines that coincided with the dawn of the Civil Rights Movement, made him enormously popular—and controversial. Commercially successful in many genres, including pop, blues and gospel, he is the best-selling solo artist in the history of recorded music, with estimated album sales of around 600 million units worldwide. He was nominated for 14 Grammys and won three, receiving the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award at age 36, and has been inducted into multiple music halls of fame.
Called the King of Pop, his contributions to music, dance, and fashion, along with his publicized personal life, made him a global figure in popular culture for over four decades. Michael Jackson started performing with The Jackson 5 in 1964, and began his solo career in 1971. He made the highest-selling album of all time, Thriller, in 1982. He is known for popularizing dance moves such as the robot and the moonwalk. Jackson won a lot of awards and broke many records, making him the most-awarded recording artist in the history of popular music and the estimated sale of over 400 million records worldwide. He is often cited as the biggest star since Elvis Presley.
Kurt Cobain was best known as the lead singer, guitarist, and primary songwriter of the grunge band Nirvana.
Robin Williams was an American actor and stand-up comedian. Williams played numerous memorable film roles, both comedic and dramatic. He is known for his fast-paced, improvisational performance style, and for his performances in films like Patch Adams and Dead Poets Society. Notable works include Mrs. Doubtfire, Jumanji, Bicentennial Man and Hook, among others. Nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor three times, Williams went on to receive the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in Good Will Hunting (1997). He also received two Emmy Awards, numerous Golden Globes, two Screen Actors Guild Awards and many Grammy Awards.
He was best known as the lead vocalist and lyricist of the rock band Queen. As a songwriter, he composed many hits for Queen, including "Bohemian Rhapsody", "Killer Queen", "Somebody to Love", "Don´t Stop Me Now", "Crazy Little Thing Called Love", and "We Are the Champions". In addition to his work with Queen, he led a solo career, and also occasionally served as a producer and guest musician (piano or vocals) for other artists. In 2002, the band received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Freddie Mercury is widely considered as one of the greatest vocalists in popular music.
Marie Curie shared the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics with her husband Pierre Curie and with physicist Henri Becquerel. She won the 1911 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the only woman to win in two fields, and the only person to win in multiple sciences. She was also the first woman to become a professor at the University of Paris, and became the first woman to be entombed on her own merits in the Panthéon in Paris. Her achievements included a theory of radioactivity (a term that she coined), techniques for isolating radioactive isotopes, and the discovery of two elements, polonium and radium.
She was the Founder and Director of the La MaMa E.T.C (Experimental Theatre Club).
Hiroshi Yamauchi was the third president of Nintendo. He is credited with transforming Nintendo from a small hanafuda card-making company in Japan to a multi-billion dollar video game company. He also became the majority owner of the Seattle Mariners baseball team
Era: 20th century philosophy. Movement: absurdism, existentialism. Notable works: The Stranger, The Plague .His views contributed to the rise of the philosophy known as absurdism. Camus was awarded the 1957 Nobel Prize for Literature "for his important literary production, which with clear-sighted earnestness illuminates the problems of the human conscience in our times".
She was a first cousin of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis and Lee Radziwill. Edith Bouvier Beale became a cult figure and fashion icon after her appearance in the documentary Grey Gardens.
He is often regarded as one of the founders of modern ethology, developing an approach that began with an earlier generation, including his teacher Oskar Heinroth. Konrad Lorenz studied instinctive behavior in animals, especially in greylag geese and jackdaws. He shared the 1973 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Nikolaas Tinbergen and Karl von Frisch.
Helen Suzman was a politician who became one of the greatest anti-apartheid voices in the South African Parliament. She dedicated her political life to opposing the National Party’s white-privilege policies and demanding civil rights for all South Africans.
Dana Plato was an American actress who was known for her role as Kimberly Drummond in the hit comedy show Diff´rent Strokes.
Herman J. Mankiewicz was an American screenwriter, who, with Orson Welles, wrote the screenplay for Citizen Kane, consistently ranked as one of the all-time greatest films. In 1941, both Mankiewicz and Welles received Academy Awards for their screenplay. Among the screenplays he wrote or worked on, besides Citizen Kane, were The Wizard of Oz, Man of the World, Dinner at Eight, Pride of the Yankees, and The Pride of St. Louis.
Ann Dunham, the mother of Barack Obama, the 44th President of the United States, was an American anthropologist who specialized in economic anthropology and rural development.
Adelaide Hall was an American-born UK-based jazz singer and entertainer. Her long career spanned more than 70 years from 1921 until her death and she was a major figure in the Harlem Renaissance. Hall entered the Guinness Book of World Records in 2003 as the world´s most enduring recording artist having released material over eight consecutive decades. She performed with major artists such as Art Tatum, Ethel Waters, Josephine Baker, Louis Armstrong, Lena Horne, Cab Calloway, Rudy Vallee and Jools Holland, and recorded as a jazz singer with Duke Ellington (with whom she made her most famous recording, "Creole Love Call" in 1927) and with Fats Waller.
American film star Steve McQueen was one of the most popular and well-paid actors of the 1960s and `70s. He starred in such films as The Great Escape, Bullit, The Sand Pebbles, The Thomas Crown Affair, Papillon, The Magnificent Seven, The Towering Inferno, The Getaway and many others.
Gene Tunney was the heavyweight boxing champion from 1926-28 who defeated Jack Dempsey twice, first in 1926 and then in 1927. Tunney´s successful title defense against Dempsey is one of the most famous bouts in boxing history and is known as The Long Count Fight.
She was the niece of Theodore Roosevelt, 26th president of the United States. Eleanor Roosevelt was the longest-serving First Lady of the United States, holding the post from 1933 to 1945 during her husband President Franklin D. Roosevelt´s four terms in office. She was the first presidential spouse to hold press conferences, write a syndicated newspaper column, and speak at a national convention. Following her husband´s death, Eleanor served at the United Nations, focusing on human rights and women´s issues. She was regarded as "one of the most esteemed women in the world" and "the object of almost universal respect".
A. P. Carter was an American musician and founding member of The Carter Family, one of the most notable acts in the history of country music.
John Nance Garner IV was a Representative from Texas, the 32nd Vice President of the United States (1933-41) and the 44th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (1931-33). He lived to be 98 years old making him the oldest former Vice President of the United States.
He served as deputy editor of The Guardian and The Observer and, from 1981 to 1992, was the BBC´s political editor
He made a great number of guest appearances in well-known television shows and starred in a handful of films, including, Robinson Crusoe on Mars. Mantee also authored two novels, In Search of the Perfect Ravioli and Bruno of Hollywood
Carmen Basilio had been a two weight class world boxing champion.
He was leader of Czechoslovakia (1968–1969). He attempted to reform the communist regime during the Prague Spring. Later, after the overthrow of the government in 1989, he was Chairman of the federal Czecho-Slovak parliament. He was the recipient of the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought of the European Parliament, in 1989.
Titles: Her Majesty Queen Ingrid of Denmark. She was Queen of Denmark from 1947 until 1972 as the wife of King Frederick IX.
As a singer, she is best known for the 1976 disco tune, "More, More, More"
Joe Frazier was an American professional boxer, Olympic gold medalist and Undisputed World Heavyweight Champion, whose professional career lasted from 1965 to 1976, with a one-fight comeback in 1981. He is considered one of the greatest heavyweights of all time, but he is perhaps most famous for his trilogy of fights with Muhammad Ali, the first of which, won by Frazier in a unanimous decision, has often been called one of boxing´s greatest bouts.
Manfred Rommel was a German politician belonging to the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), who served as Lord Mayor of Stuttgart (1974-1996).
Amparo Rivelles worked in Mexican films and telenovelas. During her long career, she earned a LatinACE award, a Goya Award, as well as a National Theater Prize.