Regarded as one of the most significant cultural icons of the 20th century, he is often referred to as "the King of Rock and Roll". By the mid-1950s, Elvis Presley appeared on the radio, television and the silver screen. His energized interpretations of songs and sexually provocative performance style, combined with a singularly potent mix of influences across color lines that coincided with the dawn of the Civil Rights Movement, made him enormously popular—and controversial. Commercially successful in many genres, including pop, blues and gospel, he is the best-selling solo artist in the history of recorded music, with estimated album sales of around 600 million units worldwide. He was nominated for 14 Grammys and won three, receiving the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award at age 36, and has been inducted into multiple music halls of fame.
Called the King of Pop, his contributions to music, dance, and fashion, along with his publicized personal life, made him a global figure in popular culture for over four decades. Michael Jackson started performing with The Jackson 5 in 1964, and began his solo career in 1971. He made the highest-selling album of all time, Thriller, in 1982. He is known for popularizing dance moves such as the robot and the moonwalk. Jackson won a lot of awards and broke many records, making him the most-awarded recording artist in the history of popular music and the estimated sale of over 400 million records worldwide. He is often cited as the biggest star since Elvis Presley.
Kurt Cobain was best known as the lead singer, guitarist, and primary songwriter of the grunge band Nirvana.
Robin Williams was an American actor and stand-up comedian. Williams played numerous memorable film roles, both comedic and dramatic. He is known for his fast-paced, improvisational performance style, and for his performances in films like Patch Adams and Dead Poets Society. Notable works include Mrs. Doubtfire, Jumanji, Bicentennial Man and Hook, among others. Nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor three times, Williams went on to receive the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in Good Will Hunting (1997). He also received two Emmy Awards, numerous Golden Globes, two Screen Actors Guild Awards and many Grammy Awards.
He was best known as the lead vocalist and lyricist of the rock band Queen. As a songwriter, he composed many hits for Queen, including "Bohemian Rhapsody", "Killer Queen", "Somebody to Love", "Don´t Stop Me Now", "Crazy Little Thing Called Love", and "We Are the Champions". In addition to his work with Queen, he led a solo career, and also occasionally served as a producer and guest musician (piano or vocals) for other artists. In 2002, the band received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Freddie Mercury is widely considered as one of the greatest vocalists in popular music.
Marilyn Monroe became the greatest sex symbol of all time. Her roles in films such as "Gentleman Prefer Blondes," made her a Hollywood icon.
Knowles was one of the recipients of the 2001 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. He shared half the prize with Ryoji Noyori "for their work on chirally catalysed hydrogenation reactions" and the other half to K. Barry Sharpless "for his work on chirally catalysed oxidation reactions".
Andy Griffith was an American actor, television producer, Grammy Award-winning Southern-gospel singer, and writer. He starred in the 1957 movie A Face in the Crowd. He also starred in the 1958 movie No Time for Sergeants. His television series are The Andy Griffith Show and Matlock.
Best known for his work on the James Bond films and his contributions to Superman: The Movie and the television series, Hart to Hart.
John Masefield was an English poet and writer, and Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom from 1930 until 1967. He is remembered as the author of the classic children´s novels The Midnight Folk and The Box of Delights, and poems, including "The Everlasting Mercy" and "Sea-Fever".
Charlie Wilson was a United States naval officer and former 12-term Democratic United States Representative from Texas´s 2nd congressional district. Wilson is best known for leading Congress into supporting Operation Cyclone, the largest-ever Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) covert operation which, under the Carter and Reagan administration, supplied military equipment including anti-aircraft weapons such as Stinger antiaircraft missiles and paramilitary officers from their Special Activities Division to the Afghan Mujahideen during the Soviet war in Afghanistan.
John Marshall Harlan was an American lawyer and politician from Kentucky who served as an associate justice on the U.S. Supreme Court. He is most notable as the lone dissenter in the Civil Rights Cases (1883), and Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), which, respectively, struck down as unconstitutional federal anti-discrimination legislation and upheld Southern segregation statutes.
His work for Capitol Records kept such vocalists as Frank Sinatra, Ella Fitzgerald, Nat King Cole, Judy Garland, Dean Martin, Peggy Lee, Johnny Mathis, Rosemary Clooney and Keely Smith household names. Nelson Riddle found commercial and critical success again in the 1980s with a trio of Platinum albums with Linda Ronstadt.
Position: Center. George Lawrence Mikan, Jr was an American professional basketball player for the Chicago American Gears of the National Basketball League (NBL) and the Minneapolis Lakers of the NBL, the Basketball Association of America (BAA) and the National Basketball Association (NBA). Invariably playing with thick, round spectacles, the 6 ft 10 in 245 lb. Mikan is seen as one of the pioneers of professional basketball, redefining it as a game of so-called big men with his prolific rebounding, shot blocking and his talent to shoot over smaller defenders with his ambidextrous hook shot, result of his own Mikan Drill. Mikan had a successful player career, winning seven NBL, BAA, and NBA championships, an All-Star MVP trophy, and three scoring titles. Mikan was a member of the first four NBA All-Star games, and the first six All-BAA and All-NBA Teams. Mikan was so dominant that he caused several rule changes in the NBA, among them widening the foul lane—known as the "Mikan Rule"—and introducing the shot clock. After his playing career, Mikan became one of the founders of the American Basketball Association (ABA), serving as commissioner of the league, and was also vital for the forming of the Minnesota Timberwolves. For his feats, Mikan was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 1959, made the 25th and 35th NBA Anniversary Teams of 1970 and 1980 and was elected one of the NBA 50 Greatest Players in 1996.
William Manchester was the author of 18 books which have been translated into over 20 languages. He was awarded the National Humanities Medal and the Abraham Lincoln Literary Award. Notable works: American Caesar: Douglas MacArthur 1880–1964, The Death of a President, The Last Lion: Winston Spencer Churchill, among others.
James Buchanan was the 15th President of the United States (1857–1861). He was the only bachelor President, and the only resident of Pennsylvania to hold that office. Serving as president during the run-up to the Civil War, Buchanan´s inability to halt the southern states´ drive toward secession has led most historians to consider his presidency a failure.
Arthur Charles Nielsen, Sr. was an American market analyst. He founded the ACNielsen company in 1923, and in doing so advanced the new field of market research. Nielsen was also a pioneer in developing methods of measuring the audience of radio and television broadcasting programs, most notably the Nielsen ratings.
Curly Lambeau was founder, player, and first coach of the Green Bay Packers professional football team. He played for the Packers from 1919 to 1929. Although Lambeau played halfback, he was the player who took the snap from the center, as was common practice during that period. Under Lambeau in the NFL, the Packers won six championships (1929, 1930, 1931, 1936, 1939, 1944). He was an inaugural inductee to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1963.
He was an American blues harmonica player and singer, and the first to use the name Sonny Boy Williamson.
Lizzie Borden is best known for her arrest and trial for the 1892 axe murders of her father and stepmother. She was acquitted in 1893 and continued to live in Fall River until her death. The case was a cause célèbre throughout the United States. The case was never solved.
John Dewey was an American philosopher, psychologist, and educational reformer whose ideas have been influential in education and social reform. Dewey is one of the primary figures associated with philosophy of pragmatism and is considered one of the founders of functional psychology. A well-known public intellectual, he was also a major voice of progressive education and liberalism. Although Dewey is known best for his publications about education, he also wrote about many other topics, including epistemology, metaphysics, aesthetics, art, logic, social theory, and ethics.
Valentin Mankin, three times Olympic champion for the USSR team (1968, 1972 and 1980). In 1976, he also added a silver. Mankin remains the only sailor in Olympic history to win gold medals in three different classes. (Finn, Tempest and Star).
Thomas Riley Marshall served as a governor of Indiana and as the twenty-eighth Vice President of the United States of America under Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921).
In 2004 he won the John W. Campbell Award for Best New Writer in Science Fiction. Jay Lake worked as a product manager for a voice services company. He was an editor for the "Polyphony" anthology series from Wheatland Press, and was also a contributor to the Internet Review of Science Fiction.
Davis achieved prominence for her role in the NBC situation comedy, The Bob Cummings Show for which she twice won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series, but she was best known for playing the part of Alice Nelson, the housekeeper in ABC´s The Brady Bunch series.
Antonescu was a Romanian politician, chief of the General Staff, Minister of War, the Prime Minister of Romania and the Head of State with dictatorial powers during most of World War II. He was sentenced to death for war crimes and executed
Helen Keller was the first deafblind person to earn a bachelor of arts degree. Helen tried to help poor people and other blind people during her life. A member of the Socialist Party of America and the Industrial Workers of the World, she campaigned for women´s suffrage, labor rights, socialism, and other radical left causes. Helen wrote a book about her life. It was called The Story of My Life. She also wrote a book about Anne Sullivan called Teacher. She reminds us that people with disabilities can do great things.
Rocío Jurado (born 18 September 1944 [or 1946, per some sources]) was best known for a powerful voice that blended traditional Spanish styles of flamenco, folk and romantic ballads.